Mammoth and Mastodon may have roamed the Earth Together, but they represent two different species of the Proboscidean family.
Mammoth extinct some 10,000 years ago, and scientists believe the population of Dwarf Mammoths survived on Wrangel Island in Siberia up to 3,700 years ago. Modern elephants are a family near Mammoth (Elephantidae).
Mammoth belongs to the genus Mammuthus, appeared around 5.1 million years ago in Africa. Then migrate throughout Eurasia and North America. The evolution of Mammoth continued for millions of years, which eventually resulted in the hairy Mammoth, M Primigenius, starting around 250,000 years ago.
Ross MacPhee, Ph. D , curator of the American Museum of Natural History
But the Mastodon appeared earlier, around 27 million to 20 million years ago, and lived in North and Central America. Like Mammoth, Mastodon began to disappear between 12,000 and 10,000 ago.
Some scientists believe that the extinction of these two species is hunting carried out by early humans, although there is evidence that there are other factors, including climate change and habitat variation.
Mammoth and Mastodon have the same size and stature, but fossil evidence shows that the Mastodon is slightly smaller than Mammoth, with shorter legs and a lower and more even head. The height of these two species is 2 meters to 4 meters, and their bodies are covered in thick, long fur, which is useful for protecting them from harsh conditions in their environment.
Mammoth stores additional nutrients found in the fat protrusions on its back, which are useful for their needs in their northern habitats and are covered in ice.
The most important difference between these two species is how they eat food. These two animals are Herbivores, but Mastodon has a cone-shaped cusp on their molar teeth designed to destroy leaves, twigs, and branches of plants.
However, Mammoths have molars which allow them to cut and graze like modern elephants. Then, these two species have long, curved stems that might be used to erode snow and ice.