Javan tigers were reportedly extinct in the 1980s, due to hunting and increasing population pressure, which consequently drastically reduced animal habitat.
Javan tigers are only found on the islands of Java, Indonesia. They occupy lowland forests and may roam agroforestry gardens, around the countryside. Its footprint does not exceed 1,200 MSAL and preys on wild pigs, Javan deer, bulls and sometimes reptiles and birds.
In the 1950s, efforts to save were carried out, the population of Javan Tiger was only 25, with more than half being in the Ujung Kulon National Park as many as 13. Then in 1972, there were only about 7 people living in Meru Betiri National Park, the size of the park that was too small and the prey that made the population reduced. It is estimated that 1950 was the beginning of the extinction of the Javan Tiger.
In 1979, there were signs that there were only 3 JavanTigers living on the island of Java, because there were several reports of the existence of these animals, although they had not been verified. Besides that, there are two types of tigers that became extinct in the 20th century, namely the Bali Tiger and the Caspian Tiger.
Claims Occurrence of Javan Tigers in Several Places
Gajah Mada University in Jogjakarta, Indonesia, in 1998 held a National Seminar to conduct a “Review” of the extinction of this species. This is because the evidence of the findings is in the form of traces, strokes in trees, and hair, which are indicated as belonging to Javan Tigers.
Microscopically, the morphological structure of Javanese tiger hair can be distinguished from leopard hair. Therefore, until now there is still an effort to prove the existence of these extinct status animals.
Occasionally, unofficial reports from Javan tigers still emerge from fans who believe tigers still exist on Java. But this does not prove the appearance of the Javan Tiger. The census carried out for 1 year (1999 – 2000), which took place in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java and was carried out by 12 national park staff, assisted by The Tiger Foundation found no significant results regarding the emergence of Javan Tigers